Developing a Strategic Airport Plan for the Bangkok Airport System
Location: Bangkok, Thailand
In November 2010, LeighFisher was retained as aviation consultants by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) on behalf of Airports of Thailand Public Company Limited (AoT) to provide strategic airport master planning services. These services were associated with the scenario in which Suvarnabhumi International Airport was to become the single airport to handle all commercial aviation services in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region. The ultimate capacity of 103 million annual passengers is achievable with the addition of third, fourth, and fifth runways. In addition, the assignment required us to consider alternative non-aviation uses for the original Bangkok International Airport at Don Mueang.
Suvarnabhumi International Airport opened in September 2006. There has been a very steep growth in passenger traffic over the past 7 years to a volume of 53 million passengers in 2012. The Airport opened with two parallel runways and a terminal complex with a nominal capacity of 45 million passengers, which has already been outstripped by demand. LeighFisher prepared an airport master plan that presented future development in two major development phases with interim staging of construction within each phase:
- Phase 1 – increase capacity to 80 million passengers, 500,000 aircraft movements, and 2.1 million tonnes of cargo for 2025
- Phase 2 – increase capacity to 103 million passengers, 707,000 aircraft movements, and 2.9 million tonnes of cargo for 2030
AoT and ICAO both accepted the Study and it was used by the Ministry of Transport and Communications to support a Cabinet document that has provided approved funding of up to $3 billion to carry out the first phase of expansion. This includes a new midfield satellite, major expansion to the main terminal processor, an additional 40 aircraft parking stands, and a third parallel runway. Project managers have been appointed and design work will soon be underway with completion scheduled for 2016.
To provide relief from congestion during construction, several air carriers have been relocated to Don Mueang for the construction period.
- Reviewing Bangkok airports system capacity and individual airport capacity
- Performing comprehensive multi-scenario airline traffic forecasting
- Defining role of each airport
- Developing long-term strategies for the Suvarnabhumi International Airport to increase capacity to over 100 million passengers annually